Aug 302008


My first exposure to Robert Fripp was via Eno which quickly led to a love affair with King Crimson’s Discipline.

KC in turn led to exposure of Exposure his first proper solo album (his two previous releases were credited to Fripp & Eno).

Chris Stein directed this 1979 promo.

The UK music mag, WIRE said that Exposure is

the Sergeant Pepper of avant punk.

That is certainly debatable but it would for sure be a part of that debate. (In fact it is. See the Avant Punk nomination thread below.)

Exposure is chock full o’ the who’s-who of the late ’70s intellectual, stool-sitting, headless guitar and tapeloop set; Barry Andrews, Phil Collins, Eno, Peter Gabriel, Tony Levin and Daryl Hall. Yes, that Daryl Hall.

SIDEBAR: Then current Fripp girlfriend, Joanna Walton, wrote most of the lyrics. Joanna died in 1993 as a passenger of Pan Am Flight 103.

Exposure is rife with the stuff of rock-nerd legends. There are pages and pages about this all over the web. Daryl Hall, yes that Daryl Hall, was supposed to sing on all of Exposure (and did) but Daryl’s current label, RCA, feared it would interfere with Daryl’s commercial career. (This turns out to be ironic. Stay tuned.) He ended up appearing only on two songs. (You Burn Me Up I’m a Cigarette and North Star.) All the other vocals were redone by Terre Roach or Peter Hammill.

Here’s the album version of North Star.

North Star

Research turned up a webseries called Live From Daryl’s House which features live performances from, yeah that Daryl Hall’s house. Here is a version he and his “crew” did of North Star from Exposure just this year:

He’s chatting with his buds beforehand about Martha Stewart and stuff. Worth a listen just to catch a glimpse of his Philly accent.

SIDEBAR: Fripp had intended to cover Donna Summer’s I Feel Love with Debby Harry on vocals. But Chrysalis gave him the same shit as RCA. Here’s a live recording of Blondie performing I Feel Love with Fripp on guitar in 1979.

I Feel Love

There are three or four versions of Exposure. Version 1 (1979) was the original release sans most of the Hall singing, and supposedly never released on CD. Then in 1985 a “heavier” version remixed by Fripp appeared on CD. And then some third version, often referred to as the “Definitive Edition” that is a combination of version 2 but with Hall restored lyrics came out in 2006.

AND THEN there is some version 4 that is called, what is supposedly the original-original version, “The Last of the Great New York Heartthrobs“.

Exposure was to be part of what Fripp called his “MOR” (Middle Of the Road) trilogy which was to feature an almost simultaneous release of three albums: Exposure, Sacred Songs (Daryl Hall) and Peter Gabriel [2]. The trilogy was to be an examination of what makes “commercial” music and all three albums were to have touchstones of different versions of the same songs.

What I was trying to do in the original trilogy was to investigate the ‘pop song’ as a means of expression. I think it’s an incredibly good way of putting forward ideas. I think it’s a supreme discipline to know that you have three to four minutes to get together all your lost emotions and find words of one syllable or less to put forward all you ideas. It’s a discipline of form that I don’t think is cheap or shoddy…

Europeans make a record and then they spend their energy selling it. Americans spend their energy on market studies that eventually tell them what kind of records will sell. When the record makes the charts, then they say it’s a good record. I prefer the European way. I do a good record and then I deal with the promotion.

Kicking this theme off is Eno “I’d like to play you a few things that I think might be commercial” at the top of the preface, called Preface, that starts Exposure.

Fripp produced and contributed to all three albums. But because of RCA’s concern, the release of the trilogy got majorly fucked up and spread out over several years. Especially Sacred Songs which was completed in ’77 but not released until 1980. RCA was petrified what it might do to their Hall & Oates juggernaut. Hence the irony that an American music label’s strategy for commercial success screwed up Fripp’s audio-triptych examining the concept of commercial success.

SIDEBAR: On track 10 of Exposure, Hååden Two, there are some backward lyrics. Oddly I never spun them backwards back in the day. (Likely too “tired” to do so.) I discovered while researching this piece that it is Fripp displaying a rare sense of humor by cutting in a Monty Python line. Here it is forward then backward.

Hååden Two (segment)

I originally set out to make the definitive documentation of this trilogy but three things prevented me from doing so.

1. The chronology and existing scattered documentation presented quite a daunting task. I’ve given you some pretty good highlights and sidebars but if you want to dig deeper just start Googlin’ and you’ll find plenty.

2. I have some sort of innate respect for Peter Gabriel but upon listening to [2] couldn’t fathom listening to it again.

3. I fell head over heals in love with Daryl Hall’s Sacred Songs.

So instead I decided to give you the highlights above and focus the rest on spreading my enthusiasm for Sacred Songs.

There’s a mess of folks that play on this album but much is played by the same core guys: Phil Collins, Eno, Fripp and Levin.

The album is like one of those wave machines where Hall is at one end, Fripp the other and it slowly tilts back and forth constantly and fluidly changing the ratio.

Track 1 starts out innocently enough with, Sacred Songs, a rollicking piano-pub number that is blown dry to a Hall quality sheen with only a few loose wisps of Fripp. Track 2 though is where the wave machine starts to tilt. Your patience will be rewarded with this song.

Something In 4.4 Time

And track 3 ends in a full tilt toward Fripp. At one point the Frippertronics come in and it sounds like when you get overlapping radio stations but on those rare occasions where you go to adjust the dial but think “wait, this is kinda cool.”

Babs and Babs

Track 4, Urban Landscape, is solid Fripp. Daryl must’ve needed to use the gents for 2:29. This is the first track on the disc that is also on Exposure. This is slightly different.

Then we get to Track 5, NYCNY. This is the second track that speaks to Exposure. On Exposure it is called NY3 and includes ambient recordings of Fripp’s mother ranting on about “my house.” NYCNY features lyrics penned and sung by Hall. I love the way on this version that Fripp’s guitar sounds like, a guitar.


Exposure version:

Track 6 is kinda like if Daryl Hall overlayed lyrics and keyboard melody to something on Fripp/Eno’s Evening Star

The Farther Away I Am

Track 7, Why Was It So Easy, is pretty much all Hall all the time. Fripp must’ve needed to use the gents for 5:27. It does have an odd but nice little guitar break and at times slips into a pleasant Rundgren territory.

Track 8, is a funky Hall tune, Don’t Leave Me Alone With Her, and features some Frippian guitar moments. Again cool as they are obviously him but “untreated” if you will. (Spoiler: This song pulls one of those “I thought they faded out and ended this song…but NOOOOOO….WOOOOOOO!” false endings.)

Track 9, Survive, is a “What if Daryl Hall did a song for the White Album and asked Robert Fripp to add subtle little Frippy thingies” kinda song. You know the kind. It rocks pretty hard come the end with Hall screaming and stuff.


Track 10 is the last original track of the LP. Without Tears is a meloncholly Hall ballad, in the vein of track 6, The Farther Away I Am. If you liked that, you’ll like this one too.

Bonus tracks on the CD release include the two tunes from Exposure that Daryl sang, You Burn Me Up I’m A Cigarette and North Star.



  7 Responses to “Under Exposure:
Daryl Hall’s Sacred Songs:
Give Me MOR”

  1. OK, this one should have been posted before the nomination thread.

  2. Mr. Moderator

    Nice write it – I can’t believe I’m going to have to make time to reconsider these albums. I was never thrilled with them in the day, although I like each artist individually. Fripp’s placing of “pop” in quotes and taking this “Trading Places” approach to making commercial music, as documented in that one quote you found, makes me queasy. It will be fun to hear this stuff again. I haven’t spun Exposure in 20 years.

  3. BigSteve

    I only have a digital transfer of the original Exposure vinyl LP, but I’ll give it a listen. I’m afraid Scared Songs has disappeared from my collection. But I’ve got to say I’ve always loved that second Gabriel album. Since it was dissed, I may have to pull that one out too, to see if it holds up.

  4. Mr. Moderator

    Is the second Gabriel album the one with “Games Without Frontiers” and maybe some other cool hit? Even I liked that stuff.

  5. sammymaudlin

    The Gabriel track list is:

    1. On The Air
    2. D.I.Y.
    3. Mother Of Violence
    4. A Wonderful Day In A One-Way World
    5. White Shadow
    6. Indigo
    7. Animal Magic
    8. Exposure
    9. Flotsam And Jetsam
    10. Perspective
    11. Home Sweet Home

    I love Fripp putting “pop” in quotes and his entire long-windedness. I don’t really agree with all, or even most of it, but I know he’s dead serious about it and I dig his commitment man.

    I love Fripp best when he plays well with others and although he’s an undeniable force on Sacred Songs, it is, in the end, a Daryl Hall album.

  6. Mr. Moderator

    It’s been a long time since I’ve listened to this stuff. Now I see why. At it’s best, this collaboration is like a better-sung Peter Gabriel album. The songs lack the choruses of classic Hall & Oates. Frequently I’m not sure what Fripp is adding unless he just grabs control of the song, as on the one in which his Frippertronics take over or the “Evening Star”-style song.

    Other times, when listening to this stuff, I think about how much more interesting a pop structure Adrian Belew and, before him, John Wetton added to Fripp’s attempts at finding a musical “cracker” on which to spread his tapenade.

    Another Fripp “pop” album I haven’t heard in ages is that Giles, Giles, and Fripp album, which may have just predated King Crimson. This stuff with Hall somehow reminds me of that stuff. There were similar pop aspirations of that album’s time that Fripp tried to find his place within. He never gets out of those quotation marks.

  7. sammymaudlin

    Mr. Mod sees the same wave machine but views it as oil over water instead of as a whole. I would guess this is how most people probably hear this.

    Certainly RCA did. (FACE!)

    This combination works like magic for me.

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